CO2 has become the most important natural refrigerant in refrigeration technology in the grocery market. However, CO2 alone does not make a system energy efficient. To support the energy-efficient characteristics of CO2 in the system technology, Roller has now developed a fin system for evaporators that optimises the energy-intensive defrosting costs in deep-freezing.
The fin spacing of an evaporator has a significant influence on the resulting heat exchanger surface: a closer fin spacing means that more heat can be transferred.
If the fin spacing is too narrow, there is a risk of heavy, disruptive icing, which results in frequent defrosting processes and thus reduces efficiency. Generally, 6-8 mm fin spacing is used in deep-freezing. Even this spacing can be too narrow if the deep-freeze room is affected by increased humidity. Frequent defrosting intervals are the result.
For defrosting, both the direct and indirect costs must be included in the energy cost calculation. The direct costs refer to the electrical defrosting of the ice from the evaporator, the indirect costs to the defrosting heat generated in the room, which must be reabsorbed by the refrigeration system when it restarts.
Reduced defrosting intervals coupled with shorter defrosting cycles and thus lower energy consumption make a positive contribution to energy-efficient system operation.
The high-performance, in-line tube system developed by Roller, with the optimum tube diameter of 9.52 mm (3/8") for CO2 applications, is available with up to 12 mm fin spacing and thus contributes significantly to the requirements of a modern, operationally reliable and efficient deep-freeze system.