The International Energy Agency held a high-level summit with energy ministers, government officials and chief executives of major energy companies to support a renewed push for investment in carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS), a critical technology to tackle greenhouse gas emissions and meet global climate targets.
The CCUS Summit, held ahead of the IEA’s 2017 Ministerial Meeting, was co-chaired by Rick Perry, the United States Secretary of Energy and Dr Fatih Birol, the IEA Executive Director. Participants included ministers and top government officials from Australia, Canada, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Poland, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom and European Commission. Industry representatives included CEOs and senior executives from ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP, Statoil, Chevron, Total Glencore, Suncor Energy, GE Power, Dow Chemical, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and Port of Rotterdam.
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“Today’s summit at the IEA provided a unique opportunity to gather with my counterparts and industry leaders to discuss the future of CCUS," said Secretary Perry. "While we come from different corners of the world, we can all agree that innovation, research, and development for CCUS technologies can help us achieve our common economic and environmental goals.”
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“This is the highest level of industry and government engagement that we have seen on CCUS,” Dr Birol said. “Global energy leaders recognise that urgent action is needed to support this essential technology and are demonstrating their preparedness to work together to achieve this.”
CCUS offers an important and unique technology solution to deliver the deep emissions reductions needed in industry and the power sector, while also supporting energy security and protecting substantial capital investments in existing infrastructure. But investment is lagging even as the global energy transformation gains momentum.
New analysis from the IEA finds that large-scale CCUS projects have received around USD 10 billion in capital investment around the world. Low-carbon energy investments received USD 850 billion last year alone with just 0.1% going to CCUS.
The policies and programmes that have been successful in supporting a wide range of low carbon energy investments will increasingly need to be tailored and applied to CCUS if energy and climate goals are to be achieved.
“The under-investment in CCS is deeply concerning,” said Dr Birol. “We know that we face an unprecedented challenge in meeting climate goals. Without CCS, this challenge will be infinitely greater. We also know that this is essentially a policy question.”
Ten of the 17 large-scale CCUS plants currently in operation have been commissioned in the last five years and include key applications in coal-fired power generation, oil sands processing and steel production. While the United States was a pioneer in CCUS and has continued its leadership, including with the recent commissioning of the Petra Nova and Illinois Industrial CCS projects, the project fleet is now much more diverse and a truly global effort is underway.
CCUS projects are today operating or under construction in Australia, Brazil, Canada, the People’s Republic of China, Norway, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Smaller-scale projects are underway throughout Europe and in Indonesia, Japan, Korea and Mexico.
The IEA offered five priority areas of action to boost CCS investment -- “Five Keys to Unlock CCS Investment.” These are:
<li><strong>Harvest “low-hanging fruit”</strong> to build CCS deployment and experience from the ground up.</li>
<li><strong>Tailor policies</strong> to shepherd CCS through the early deployment phase and to address the unique integration challenges for these facilities.</li>
<li><strong>Target multiple pathways to reduce costs</strong> from technology innovation to progressive finance arrangements.</li>
<li><strong>Build CO<sub>2 </sub>networks</strong> and accelerate CO<sub>2</sub> storage assessments in key regions.</li>
<li><strong>Strengthen partnerships</strong> and cooperation between industry and governments.</li>
The IEA will maintain a strong focus on CCUS in the Agency’s clean energy technology work and analysis. Summit participants recognised the continued leadership of the IEA and its role in bringing together industries, governments and researchers to support the expanding global CCUS effort.
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